• Nicky Frost

Bought your self-build plot? You need to insure it straight away

Once you’ve completed the conveyancing and bought a plot of land, no matter whether you’re ready to build now or at some stage in the future, you become immediately responsible for the land. Technically, this means you’ve assumed liability for everything on it. If problems do occur, it’s vital to ensure you’re protected from day one, right through to completion of your build.


A common mistake

If you happen to live next door to your proposed building site, don’t assume that your current household buildings insurance will cover you. If the plot is registered separately then it won’t be part of this policy. You therefore will need to ensure that you genuinely have adequate insurance cover against any claims that might be brought against you.


Be thorough when checking this out: apart from the actual legal liability for accidents or other issues, you need to make sure the costs incurred in defending any actions are also covered. We live in an increasingly litigious world and defending claims can be a lengthy and expensive process. Having a suitable, dedicated policy in place will mean you know you’re protected.


In most cases, the product you will need is known as a landowner’s liability policy. However, circumstances vary, so it’s important you check that your exact requirements are covered. Be aware that these could well change over time, and you may need to adapt the insurance product you’ve purchased or switch to a new, more appropriate policy.


Which insurance is best?

The best way to understand how your cover needs could change is to take you on a typical self-builder’s journey. Assuming you intend to develop the land, there’s likely to be a delay (which could be several weeks, months, or longer) whilst your scheme is drawn up and the necessary planning permission obtained.


During this time, you will need to carefully consider the potential risks on the plot. Are there any derelict buildings, walls, or other structures on the site? What about lakes, ponds, dried-up wells, or potentially diseased trees? All of these could present a liability risk if trespassers – particularly children – gain access to your land.


This is important even with buildings that have little or no value, including those you intend to demolish at some point. If someone was to be injured as a result of a structure’s derelict state, then as the landowner you may be liable to compensate them.


It might be that, whilst you wait for your planning consent to come through, you decide to start preparing the land to build on. Shrubs and trees may need to be cleared (being mindful of any tree preservation orders or other issues highlighted in the TA6 property information form you were presented during the sale process). You may also want to demolish any existing structures on the land using special plant and machinery.


If any of the above is the case, you will need more than a simple landowner’s liability policy, as this type of insurance typically excludes cover for work being carried out on a plot (let alone for protecting any equipment). This is likely to be the point at which you need to consider purchasing a specific site insurance policy from a reputable provider that’s backed by A-rated insurers. This will offer protection for the works, as well as covering your liability for anyone assisting on the project. It can also include any machinery, plant, and equipment you purchase or hire.


Protecting the build

Once construction is underway, site insurance will also cover your partially built home as it progresses – together with the materials, equipment, fixtures, fittings etc. But do remember that these policies are normally sold for time-limited periods (typically 12, 18 or 24 months). So, it’s worth putting a reminder in your calendar to extend them if you’ve not completed the scheme within that timeframe.


Providers such as Self-Build Zone offer automatic alerts to advise you when your policy is about to end. The moment you become a landowner, you’re liable for what happens on your plot.


To sum up

  • Don’t assume there’s no risk – and therefore no liability – just because you have a blank plot with no works underway.

  • From the moment you assume legal responsibility for land you are liable for what happens on it; and without the correct insurance cover in place, you’re leaving yourself at risk of your dream home project turning into a nightmare.

  • You may not need site insurance straight away. To determine what product is best for you, you must identify when works are likely to start and what they’ll entail. If it’s going to take a long time to commence the build, it may be cheaper to take out land owner’s liability cover.


Self-Build Zone only use ‘A’ Rated insurers.

Self-Build Zone provides 'A' Rated backed latent defects insurance to suit the unique requirements of your development or project, including new home warranty and Structural Warranties for residential developments. This also includes social housing, mixed-use, commercial developments, and major projects. With the backing of an 'A' Rated insurer, you receive peace of mind from a dependable organisation that provides help when you need it most and for the full-length of your policy.


You can review some of our specific product pages for in-depth information on Self-Build Zone's website.



Self-Build Zone offer a range of self-build site insurance cover. All of our site insurance policies include public liability and employers’ liability cover as standard. For more information, call 0345 230 9874, or visit our website, selfbuildzone.com.


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